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1Humbert, L., D. Gagnon, D.D. Kneeshaw and C. Messier. 2007. A shade tolerance index for common understory species of northeastern North America. Ecological Indicators 7: 195-207.BOG
3Burns, R. M. and B. H. Honkala. 1990. Silvics of North America. Volume 2. Hardwood. Agricultural Handbook 654. Forest Service. United States Department of Agriculture. 877 p.BOG
5OMNR. 2003. Silviculture Guide to Managing Spruce, Fir, Birch, and Aspen Mixedwoods in Ontarios Boreal Forest. Version 1.0. Ont. Min. Nat. Resour., Queens Printer for Ontario. 382 p.BOG
6OMNR. 2000. A Slviculture Guide to Managing Southern Ontario Forests. Forest Analyst, Southcentral Sciences Section, OMNR. 654 p.BOG
8Farrar, J. L. 1996. Les arbres du Canada (Trees in Canada). ditions Fids. 502 p.BOG
9Frre Marie-Victorin. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2e d., Montral, Presses Universit de Montral. 925 p.BOG
10OMNR. 1998. A silvicultural guide for the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence conifer forest in Ontario. Ont. Min. Nat. Resour., Queen's Printer for Ontario. Toronto. 424 p.BOG
11OMNR. 1997. Silvicultural guide to managing for black spruce, jack pine and aspen on boreal forest ecosites in Ontario. Version 1.1. Ont. Min. Nat. Resour., Queens Printer for Ontario, Toronto. 3 books. 822 p.BOG
14Hydro-Qubec. 2005. Rpertoire des arbres et arbustes ornementaux . Hydro-Qubec Distribution. 547 p.BOG
15Jobidon, R. 1995. Autcologie de quelques espces de comptition d'importance pour la rgnration forestire au Qubec - Revue de littrature. Mmoire de recherche forestire no 117. Gouvernement du Qubec, ministre des Ressources naturelles, Direction de la recherche forestire. 180 p.BOG
24Ringius G. et R. Sims. 1997. Plantes indicatrices des forts canadiennes. Service canadien des forts, Ressources naturelles Canada. 217 p.BOG
27Fleurbec, 1987. Plantes sauvages des lacs, rivires, tourbires. dition Fleurbec, Saint-Augustin, Qubec. 399 p. BOG
29Fleurbec, 1993. Fougres, prles et lycopodes. dition Fleurbec, Saint-Henri-de-Lvis, Qubec. 511 p.BOG
30Lamoureux, G. 1979. Plantes sauvages printanires. ditions France-Amrique. 247 p. BOG
32USDA Forest Service. Consult en mars 2008. (Internet : http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/)BOG
33Bashant, A. L., R. D. Nyland, H. M. Engelman, K. K. Bohn, J. M. Verostek, P. J. Donoso and R. L. Nissen Jr. 2005. The role of interfering plants in regenerating hardwood stands in Northeastern North America: An annotated bibliography for American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.), striped maple (Acer pennsylvanicum L.). hobblebush (Viburnum alnifolium Marsh.), hayscented fern (Dennstaedtia punctilobula L.), New York fern (Thelypteris noveborecensis L.), bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum L.), rasberries (Rubus spp.), and pin cherry (Prunus pennsylvanica L.f.). Univ. Maine, Maine Agric. and For. Exp. Stn. Misc. Publ. 753.BOG
34Nyland, R. D., A. L. Bashant, K. K. Bohn and J. M. Verostek. 2006. Interference to hardwood regeneration in Northeastern North America: Ecologic characteristics of American beech, striped maple, and hobblebush. North. J. Appl. For.: 23(1):53-61.BOG
35Nyland, R. D., A. L. Bashant, K. K. Bohn and J. M. Verostek. 2006. Interference to hardwood regeneration in Northeastern North America: Controlling effects of American beech, striped maple, and hobblebush. North. J. Appl. For.: 23(2):122-132.BOG
36Nyland, R. D., A. L. Bashant, E. F. Heitzman and J. M. Verostek. 2007. Interference to Hardwood Regeneration in Northeastern North America: Pin Cherry and Its Effects. North. J. Appl. For.: 24(1):52-60.BOG
37McRae, D. J. 1998. Effective control of bracken fern by prescribed fire. Pages 199-201 in Popular summaries: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Forest Vegetation Management, August 24-28, 1998, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre.BOG
40Donoso, P. J. and R. D. Nyland. 2006. Interference to hardwood regeneration in Northeastern North America: The effects of raspberries (Rubus spp.) following clearcutting and shelterwood methods. North. J. Appl. For.:23(4):288-296.BOG
41Ministre des ressources naturelles. 1995. tude comparative des modes de dgagement de la rgnration forestire. Annexe A : Les espces de comptition. 100 p.BOG
42Risenhoover L. and A. Maass. 1987. The influence of moose on the composition and structure of Isle Royale Can. J. For. Res. 17: 357-364 BOG
43Lavoie, C. and A. Saint-Louis. 1999. The spread of grey birch (Betula populifolia) in eastern Quebec: landscapes and historical considerations. Can. J. Bot. 77: 859-868.BOG
44Catling, P. M. and W. Spicer. 1988. The separation of Betula populifolia and Betula pendula and their status in Ontario. Can. J. For. Res. 18: 1017-1026.BOG
45Kemball, K. J. et al. 2005. Response of understory plant communitiy of boreal mixedwood stands to fire, logging, and spruce budworm outbreak. Can. J. Bot. 83: 1550-1560.BOG
46USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Plant Database. Characteristics. Available : http://plants.usda.gov [2008 April]BOG
48Pitt, D. G., M. T. Dumas, R. E. Wall, D. G. Thompson, L. Lanteigne, W. Hintz, G. Sampson and R. G. Wagner. 1999. Chondrostereum purpureum as a biological control agent in forest vegetation management. I. Efficacy on speckled alder, red maple, and aspen in eastern Canada. Can. J. For. Res. 29(7):841 - 851.BOG
49Truax, B., F. Lambert and D. Gagnon. 2000. Herbicide-free plantations of oaks and ashes along a gradient of open to forested mesic environments. For. Ecol. Manage. 137(1):155-169.BOG
50Meilleur, A., H. Vronneau and A. Bouchard. 1994. Shrub communities as inhibitors of plant succession in southern Quebec. Environ. Manage. 18(6):907-921.BOG
mc 75Harvey, D. B., A. Leduc and Y. Bergeron, 1995. Early postharvest succession in relation to site type in the southern boreal forest of Qubec. Can. J. For. Res. 25 : 1658-1672.BOG
mc 76Ministre des Ressources naturelles.1994. Une stratgie. Amnager pour mieux protger les forts. Ministre des Ressources naturelles. Qubec. 197p.BOG
mc 77Bell.W. 1991. Critical Sylvics of conifer Crop Species and Selected Competitive Vegetation in NW Ontario.NWOFTDU Tech. Rep. 19. 177 p.BOG
mc78Jutras, S., H. Hokka, J. Begin and A. P. Plamondon. 2006. Beneficial influence of plant neighbours on tree growth in drained forested peatlands: a case study. Can. J. For. Res. 36(9) : 2341-2350.BOG
mc 79Jutras, S., H. Hokka, J. Begin et A. P. Plamondon. 2002. Impact du drainage forestier aprs coupe sur la croissance de l'pinette noire en fort borale. Can. J. For. Res. 32 : 1585-1596.BOG
mc 80Ministre des Ressources naturelles du Qubec. Guides de reconnaissance des types cologiques par rgion cologique. Direction de la gestion des stocks forestiers.BOG
mc 81Lautenschlager, R.A.1999. Environmental resource interactions affect red raspberry growth and its competition with white spruce. Can. J. Res. 29 : 906-916.BOG
mc 82Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada. 2007. Profil de la culture et de la Framboise au Canada. Ottawa. Ontario 70 p.BOG
mc83Frey, B.R., V. J. Leiffers, A. D. Munson and P.V. Blenis. 2003. The influence of partial harvesting and forest floor disturbance on nutrient availability and understory vegetation on boreal mixedwoods. Can. J. For. Res. 33 :1180-1188.BOG
mc84Jobidon, R.et L. Charrette. 1997. Effets aprs 10 ans, du dgagement manuel simple ou rpt et de la priode de coupe de la vgtation sur la croissance de l'pinette noire en plantation. Can. J. For. Res. 27 : 1979-1991. BOG
mc85Doyon, D. 1975. tude co-dynamique de la vgtation du Comt de Lvis, mmoire n1, Service de recherche en dfenses des cultures, Ministre de l'Agriculture Qubec. 428 p.BOG
mc86Bergeron, Y., A.Bouchard et A . Leduc. 1988. Les successions secondaires dans les forts du Haut Saint-Laurent, Qubec. Le Naturaliste canadien. 115 :19-38.BOG
mc87Norby , R. J. and T. T. Kozlowski. 1980. Alleopathic potential of ground cover species on Pinus resinosa seedlings. Plant and Soil. 57 : 363374.BOG

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